Stan wants Eminem to contact him through a personal letter or a phone call; but, due to unfortunate circumstances, the letters fail to reach Eminem in a timely manner. Believing he has been ignored, Stan uses a tape recorder to record himself driving along a rain-soaked highway while his girlfriend is locked up in the trunk; which he does with the intention of driving off a bridge. In the process, Stan references both "My Name Is" ("I drank a fifth of vodka, dare me to drive?") and an urban legend about Phil Collins's "In the Air Tonight" before realizing that there is no way of transmitting this final tape to Eminem. The car then breaks through the bridge barrier, sealing both occupants' fates.
"Stan" was met with critical acclaim, with praise directed to the song's epistolary narrative structure, emotional range and lyrical depth. Stephen Thomas Erlewine highlighted the song. Entertainment Weekly praised the song, too: "Eminem proves himself a peerless rap poet with a profound understanding of the power of language. Stan, an epistolary exchange between the artist and a dangerously obsessive fan, may be the most moving song about star worship ever recorded" and added that "Stan" blazes significant new ground for rap. The Los Angeles Times was also positive: "'Stan', the album's most haunting track, is superb storytelling with a point. It has the affecting tone of such rap high points as Ice Cube's 'It Was a Good Day' and Tupac's 'Dear Mama'."
"Stan" has entered the lexicon as a term for an overly-obsessed fan of someone or something and is used colloquially to express fandom of all kinds. The term is especially popular in the rap community; in "Ether", a diss track against rapper Jay-Z, Nas notably called Jay a "stan" of both himself and The Notorious B.I.G. The term was added to the Oxford English Dictionary in 2017.
Drake performing at the 2015 OVO Festival at Molson Canadian Amphitheatre in Toronto, Canada. His now legendary beef that year with the rapper Meek Mill was waged over social media, fed in part by memes made by super fans or stans. George Pimentel/Getty Images hide caption
In the last 10 years, social media has reconfigured how we gain access to our favorite musicians. In the age of oversharing, platforms like Twitter, Instagram, Facebook, Bandcamp, GoFundMe and more have bridged the communication gap to make fans feel like they're constantly connected to the artists they love. That oversaturation and constant sense of connection has created a small social phenomenon known as "standom."
While some say the term is a combination of "fan" and "stalker," "stan" was first coined in 2000 when Eminem dropped a twisted allegory in a song called "Stan," about a man who was pushed to the edge when his idol wouldn't answer his fan mail. The word used to be synonymous with overzealous or obsessed. But nearly 20 years later, it's become a badge of honor for fans committed enough to show up and go all out for their favorite star on the Internet.
On this episode of All Songs Considered, I spoke with NPR Music's Stephen Thompson and Ann Powers, and Joshua Bote of USA Today to track the timeline of standom in the last decade and explain examples of its peaks and pitfalls, from Amanda Palmer's fan-funded album to Weezer's fan-coaxed cover of "Africa," to Drake and Meek Mill's beef (hip-hop's first meme-annotated conflict). -- Sidney Madden
Genome segmentation with hidden Markov models has become a useful tool to annotate genomic elements, such as promoters and enhancers. STAN (genomic STate ANnotation) implements (bidirectional) hidden Markov models (HMMs) using a variety of different probability distributions, which can model a wide range of current genomic data (e.g. continuous, discrete, binary). STAN de novo learns and annotates the genome into a given number of 'genomic states'. The 'genomic states' may for instance reflect distinct genome-associated protein complexes (e.g. 'transcription states') or describe recurring patterns of chromatin features (referred to as 'chromatin states'). Unlike other tools, STAN also allows for the integration of strand-specific (e.g. RNA) and non-strand-specific data (e.g. ChIP).
stan is strongly expressed in all sensory cell bodies and in sensory and motor axons from early stage 13 through to late embryogenesis. It is also expressed in all primary tracheal branches including the dorsal trunk, dorsal branch, transverse connective, ganglionic branch, lateral trunk, and spiracular branch. Expression is restricted to the lateral and apical (luminal) surfaces of the tracheal cells except for the posterior lateral trunk where it is found over the whole tracheal surface.
stan protein is detected in the CNS and PNS of embryos at 18h AEL. In the CNS, it is detected in the motor axons that innervate the body wall muscles (hypodermal) and at the presynaptic sites of the neuromuscular junction. It is also detected in the nerve roots that exit the ventral nerve cord. Western blot analyses indicates that it is expressed in the larval CNS.
At 24 hr APF stan protein is strongly in the growth cones of photoreceptor cells R1-R6, and weakly expressed in neuronal cell bodies in the lamina. At 30 hr APF, stan is expressed unevenly in the growth cones of photoreceptor cells R1-R6 in the lamina plexus. By 46 hr APF, stan can no longer be detected in the growth cones or axons of photoreceptors. This expression pattern coincides with growth cone target selection. stan protein is also transiently expressed in photoreceptor cell R8 axons as they enter the optic lobe.
Clonal analysis indicates that the ds/ft system and the stan/fz system act independently to confer planar cell polarity in the adult abdomen; each system confers and propagates polarity and can do so in the absence of the other.
stan appears to facilitate competitive interactions between adjacent R8 axons to ensure their correct spacing, which suggests a general role in establishing non-overlapping dendritic fields. stan may also promote the formation of stable connections between R8 axons and their target cells.
in and fy are needed for cells to respond to pk and stan. Genetic analysis is not consistent with fz-like class of genes fz, pk, Vang, stan and dsh acting simply as positive or negative regulators of in and fy.
Stan Perry's practice focuses on toxic tort, product liability, and mass tort litigation. His experience includes leading teams of attorneys in multi-state and multidistrict litigation (MDL) to achieve client's objectives, whether that is trying lawsuits or resolving litigation efficiently and effectively. Stan has extensive experience in applying the standards for the admissibility of expert testimony in state and federal courts, including motions to challenge experts under Daubert, Frye, and other standards.
Counseling intensives can be extremely helpful under certain circumstances, but intensives should not be a replacement for ongoing counseling. The shorter and more intense the length of treatment, the more it should be regarded as consultation/counseling and not therapy. Having said that, Stan will see couples for a counseling intensive over 2 consecutive days (Wednesday and Thursday) in his office with about 3-4 hours per day. Stan prefers that couples have a couple therapist available in their home town for continued support and consultation.
And finally, it often takes more time for words to enter the OED than ODO. This point is particularly relevant in the case of stan because words are not usually added to both dictionaries simultaneously and so this can lead to situations in which a word may be found in one dictionary and not the other.
Stan has been the recipient of several Canadian Studies Enhancement grants that have supported student field trips across the 49th parallel to better understand comparative social work practice and policies. Stan has served on the boards of the National Association of Social Work (NASW), Chief Seattle Club and IDHA/Interim.
place-name element in Afghanistan, Pakistan, etc., from Persian -stan "country," from Indo-Iranian *stanam "place," literally "where one stands," from PIE *sta-no-, suffixed form of root *sta- "to stand, make or be firm."
It is the hypothetical source of/evidence for its existence is provided by: Sanskrit tisthati "stands;" Avestan histaiti "to stand;" Persian -stan "country," literally "where one stands;" Greek histēmi "put, place, cause to stand; weigh," stasis "a standing still," statos "placed," stylos "pillar;" Latin sistere "stand still, stop, make stand, place, produce in court," status "manner, position, condition, attitude," stare "to stand," statio "station, post;" Lithuanian stojuos "I place myself," statau "I place;" Old Church Slavonic staja "place myself," stanu "position;" Gothic standan, Old English standan "to stand," stede "place;" Old Norse steði "anvil;" Old Irish sessam "the act of standing." 041b061a72